DIABETES MELLITUS: Causes, symptoms, home remedies & treatments for diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic lifelong condition or metabolic disorder that prevents the your body from utilizing glucose completely or partially

Diabetes Mellitus is usually characterized by raised glucose concentration in the blood. The pancreas produce a hormone insulin which controls the amount of glucose in the blood.

Without insulin, the level of blood sugar increases as the body can´t store or use glucose. The most commonly-used screening tests are the determination of the fasting blood glucose level and the blood glucose level tested about 2 hours after a meal. The normal fasting blood sugar content is 80-120 mg per 100 ml of blood; this can go up to a level of 160 mg per 100 ml of blood 2 hours after meals. Anything above these levels can be termed as diabetic levels. Diabetes is mostly common among older, obese people.

There are 2 types of Diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) which occurs when the pancreas fails to make enough insulin. It usually occurs in childhood or adolescence but aslo can develop at any age, and patients with this type of diabetes need insulin everyday.

Type 2 Diabetes or non-insulin dependant diabetes mellitus occurs when body cells become resistant to insulin. This is mostly common among adults, those who are overweight and older than 40 years. These people are able to control their blood sugar levels through weight control programs, regular exercise and a well-balanced diet. Some people require oral diabetes medications or insulin injection to lower blood sugar.

Diabetes symptoms

Initial diabetes symptoms

  • increased thirst
  • increased urination
  • increased appetite are the initial symptoms.

In diabetes type 1 weight loss is seen and in diabetes type 2 obesity is seen.

Other Symptoms

  • blurred vision
  • skin infection or irritation
  • weakness or loss of strength
  • decreased healing capacity


Causes of Diabetes Mellitus

Cause for diabetes type 1

IDDM or diabetes type 1 mostly results from a virally initiated autoimmune destruction of beta cells of the pancreas.

Cause for diabetes type 2

NIDDM or diabetes type 2 is determined genetically and is expressed with age or other factors like obesity, diet and inactivity.


Best home remedies and treatments for Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes treatment using Bitter Gourd

One of the best alternative cure and home remedy that proved as beneficial in controlling diabetes is bitter gourd. It has been established that this natural cure contains a hypoglycaemic or insulin-like principle, designated as plantinsulin, which has a valuable effect in lowering the blood sugar level; and therefore should be necessarily included in diabetic diet as a diabetes medicine. For the best results, people with diabetes should drink juice of about 4-5 bitter gourd every morning on an empty stomach. The seeds of bitter gourd can be used in a powdered form, and also in the form of a decoction by boiling the pieces in water or in the form of dry powder.

Diabetes treatment using Indian Gooseberry

Indian gooseberry, with its high vitamin C content, is considered valuable in diabetes. A tablespoon of its juice, mixed with a cup of bitter gourd juice, taken daily for about 2 months, will stimulate the islets of Langerhans, that is, the isolated group of cells that secrete the hormone insulin in the pancreas. This magic mixture reduces the blood sugar in diabetes.

Diabetes treatment using Jambul Fruit

Black berry fruit is another effective home remedy. It is regarded in traditional medicine as a specific against diabetes because of its effect on the pancreas. The fruit as such, the seeds, and fruit juice are all useful in the treatment of this disease. The seeds contain a glucoside ‘jamboline’ which is believed to have the power to check the pathological conversion of starch into sugar in cases of increased production of glucose. The seeds should be dried and powdered. One teaspoon of this powder should be mixed in one cup of milk or water or half a cup of curd, and taken twice daily. The inner bark of the black berry tree is also used in the treatment of diabetes. The bark is dried and burnt. It will produce an ash of white colour. This ash should be pestled in mortar, strained and bottled. The diabetic patient should be given ten grams of this ash on an empty stomach with water in the morning, and twenty grams in the afternoon, and in the evening an hour after taking meals. An equal quantity of indian gooseberry powder, jamun powder, and bitter gourd powder also makes a very useful remedy for diabetes. A teaspoon of this mixture once or twice a day would be effective in checking the progress of the disease.

Diabetes treatment using Grapefruit

Grapefruit is a splendid food in the diet of a diabetic patient. If grapefruits were eaten more liberally, there would be much less diabetes. If you have sugar, use three grapefruits three times a day. If you do not have sugar, but a tendency towards it and want to prevent it, use three a day.

Diabetes treatment using Fenugreek

The seeds of fenugreek have been found effective in the treatment of diabetes. Fenugreek seeds, when given in varying doses of 25 gm to 100 gm daily, diminish reactive hyperglycaemia in diabetic patients. Levels of glucose, serum cholesterol, and triglycerides were also significantly reduced in the diabetes patients when the seeds were consumed.

Diabetes treatment using Bengal Gram

Experiments have shown that the intake of water extract of Chickpea enhances the utilization of glucose in both diabetic and normal persons. When kept on a diet which included liberal supplements of Chickpea extract, the condition of tile patient improved considerably and his insulin requirement was reduced to about twenty units per day. Diabetes patients who are on a prescribed diet which does not severely restrict the intake of carbohydrates, but includes liberal amounts of Chickpea extract, have shown considerable improvement in their fasting blood sugar levels, glucose tolerance, urinary excretion of sugar, and general condition.

Diabetes treatment using Black Gram

For a milder type of diabetes, two tablespoons of germinated black gram, taken with half a cup of fresh bitter gourd juice and a teaspoon of honey, is said to be useful. It should be taken once daily for three to four months. A restriction should be placed on the intake of carbohydrates. Even in severe cases, regular use of this combination, with other precautions, is useful as a health-giving food for the prevention of various complications that may arise due to malnutrition in diabetics.

Diabetes treatment using Mango Leaves

The tender leaves of the mango tree are considered useful in diabetes. An infusion is prepared by soaking 15 gm of fresh leaves in 250 ml of water overnight, and squeezing them well in the water in the moming. This filtrate should be taken every morning to control early diabetes. As an alternative, the leaves should be dried in the shade, powdered and preserved for use when necessary. Half a teaspoon of this powder should be taken twice a day.

Diabetes treatment using Parslane

The seeds of parslane are useful in diabetes. A teaspoon of the seeds should be taken every day with half a cup of water for three to four months. It will increase the body’s own insulin and help in curing diabetes.

Diabetes treatment using Other Foods

Besides bitter gourd, certain other vegetables have been found useful in diabetes. These include string beans, cucumber, onion, and garlic. Tea made of the pods of string beans is valuable in diabetes.



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